The objective of this study was to evaluated the accuracy and efficacy of a neck-worn device designed to limit supine sleep. The study included nightly measurements of snoring, sleep/wake, time supine, and the frequency and duration of feedback to monitor compliance. Thirty patients between ages 18 and 75 years, BMI ≤ 35 with an overall apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥ 5 and an overall AHI ≥ 1.5 times the non-supine AHI, and an Epworth score ≥ 5 were prospectively studied. Subjective reports and polysomnography were used to assess efficacy resulting from 4 weeks of in-home supine-avoidance therapy and to measure device accuracy. From 363 polysomnography reports, 209 provided sufficient positional data to estimate one site’s prevalence of positional OSA. In 83% of participants exhibiting > 50% reduction in overall AHI, the mean and median reductions were 69% and 79%. Significant reductions in the overall and supine AHI, apnea index, percent time SpO2 < 90%, and snoring contributed to significant improvements in stage N1 and N2 sleep, reductions in cortical arousals and awakenings, and improved depression scores. Supine position was under-detected by > 5% in 3% of cases. Sleep efficiency by neck actigraphy was within 10% of polysomnography in 87% of the studies when position feedback was delivered. The prevalence of POSA was consistently > 70% when the overall AHI was < 60. The neck position therapy device is accurate and effective in restricting supine sleep, improving AHI, sleep architecture and continuity, and monitoring treatment outcomes.